On 4 September 2014, Mike Beke (Blomeyer & Sanz) presented in the European Parliament the findings of the briefing note ‘Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing: Sanctions in the EU’. The study provides information on the different approaches for addressing serious infringements, as well as an analysis of existing EU and international measures. It identifies differences between levels of monitoring, control and surveillance in Member States. Also differences are observed between countries in the following-up of serious infringements and sanctions imposed. Therefore Member States are recommended to prioritise effective enforcement of IUU rules and promote harmonisation of penalties.